manic-depression Manic depression is a mental ailment that is also known by the term “bipolar disorder”. The main characteristic of this problem is that a person faces dramatic swings that change the mood from the state of exaltation to depression. These swings in mood stays for   weeks and months in some people and when it increases beyond it then the chances of suicide also prevail.

Although everybody knows about this disorder but heedlessly, they might have suffered from this problem at any point of time in their lives. The swings of the mood also include sleeplessness for many days, hallucinations, grandiose delusion, paranoid rage and psychosis.This disorder can be due to genetic reasons or social problems.The exact cause can be ascertained after doing an in-depth background recede. The symptoms between the age group of people 15-24 are long lasting and this disorder is hardly diagnosed in older people above 65 years of age.

Check out some of the major types of manic depression and the treatment:

Bipolar 1:

When a single episode of mania occurs, then it indicates the presence of Bipolar I. In such cases, there is no need by the doctor to inquire the patient’s state of mind. But in case the mania is not as a result of any substance abuse, drug or medication then it is a definite symptom of manic depression. The life of the person suffering from this disorder is affected a lot.

When the manic depression phase one starts, then the person may start to hallucinate and passes from the problem of daydreaming. A typical symptoms of this problem are excess energy which leads to decrease in the number of sleeping hours, reckless behavior, grandiose ideas and distractions. After this stage, a person passes through major depression when the energy level falls down and a person starts feeling lonely. Some of the prominent emotions like irritation despair and suicidal thoughts creep in this phase.

The intake of some prescribed  and cognitive behavior therapy can be used for the treatment of Bipolar I.

Bipolar 2:

Bipolar 2 is the second type of manic depression. In this disorder, five symptoms are diagnosed.The mania in this phase is somewhat less severe than what is observed in hypomania.The five phases of this disorder are hypomania phase, depressive phase, omission of full-blown manic episode, different from psychotic illness and its impact on lifestyle.
The chances of this to become chronic are more. The risk of suicide is high. The treatment of this disorder is possible with the help of medications and therapy but it should be diagnosed early to avoid any severe problem.

Cyclothymiacs:

This is the chronic form of manic depression which is characterized by irritation for a long time which is defined as being a precursor for a full bipolar disorder. The life span of this disorder is two years and it always has the threat of becoming chronic.

To diagnose the presence of this disorder, the doctor would inquire into the various phases of depression and mania in a person’s life for past two years and check the extent of its effect on other relationships and life. It can be treated with the help of anti-depressants, medicines, behavior therapy and counseling.