gynecomastiaA common disease that affects the glandular tissue of the male breast is known as Gynecomastia. It can affect men of any age, from infancy to puberty and old age. It is different from lipomastia, which refers to the enlargement of men’s breasts due fat deposits. In layman’s terms Gynecomastia is known as enlarged breasts in men. It is generally known to affect either one or both the breasts, sometimes unevenly too. Though it is painless, but the embarrassing factor drives most of the patients to go for surgical treatment options. This article will mainly discuss about the various possible treatment options for gynecomastia.

 

Medications:

medicationsOften doctors prescribe the drugs used for breast cancer as medications to treat breast enlargement or gynecomastia. The prime type of such drugs includes tamoxifen and raloxifene that have shown positive results in reducing the size of the breasts after consuming the perfect dose for a specific period. These medications are approved by the Food and Drug Administration; however they are not yet approved particularly for curing gynecomastia.

Surgical methods:

surgical methodThe disease gynecomastia often has underlying causes like testicular cancer and so on. In such cases, the best option is to go for an immediate surgery. Two types of surgery can treat gynecomastia, namely liposuction and mastectomy. In the procedure of liposuction, the surgeon removes the breast fat; however it does not remove the breast gland tissue. In mastectomy, the breast gland tissue is removed. This operation is usually done following endoscopic rule, such as it uses only small incisions for the purpose. The patient recovers fast with this kind of surgery.

Estrogen Receptor Modulators:

estrogen receptor modulatorWith advancement in the world of medicine, now gynecomastia can be treated with some selected estrogen receptor modulators. Although, these are not again approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of gynecomastia, but the positive results have encouraged the physicians to continue its use. Aromatise inhibitors such as testolactone are extensively being used for the treatment of gynecomastia amongst adolescents and younger children. This tamoxifen is used in adults for treating painful gynecomastia.

Radiation Therapy

radiation therapyOften anti cancer medications when given to treat prostate cancer, leads to the development of side effects like gynecomastia. In such cases, gynecomastia can be treated with radiation therapies. Usually one to three sessions are needed and the patient will see significant improvement without any further side effects. The radiation or X-rays are reflected onto the breast area; this not only reduces the size of the enlarged breast but also reduces breast pain. However, this process is not much effective if the breast size develops due to some other cause , other than anti-cancer drugs.

Natural methods:

natural methodsGynecomastia can be cured naturally with some  herbal and home remedies that addresses the underlying cause of the disease. Often high estrogen levels are lead to gynecomastia, which can be curbed by consuming the herb tribulus terrestris that provokes the creation of testosterone and ensures reduction of breast size. Red clover also reduces estrogen levels due to the genisteine component. Turmeric increases testosterone levels and can decrease flabby breast problem. Cordyceps and Passion flower herbs helps to increase the hormone testosterone. Sarsaparilla herb can also be used as it acts as a muscle enhancer. This plant is believed to foster virility in men test muscle growth naturally in men and strengthens the torso region.