The science of healthcare has undergone tremendous experimentation and evolution over the decades. The most important and challenging aspect, however, remains when doctors and specialists have to care for an unborn life and the life of the mother as well. The human body is a complex web of many unknown mysteries. The pre-natal period in the baby’s life is significant for the mental and physical growth of the baby, but also involves the health of the mother. In a broader sense, Gynaecology deals with the science of the female reproductive system and an obstetrician, is someone who deals with the female reproductive system and child healthcare in the pre-natal and post-natal period.
The common ground between obstetrics and gynaecology:
Generally an obstetrician and a gynaecologist are given this task to take care of the baby and mother, before, during and after pregnancy and birth. In layman’s terms, OB/GYN, generally deals women and child healthcare. But there are several other avenues which an OB/GYN has to explore and be familiar with. Though the two branches sometimes obstetrics and gynaecology function as different specialities, sometimes it is seen that most doctors specialise in both these disciplines. Obstetrics deals with some common complaints and questions and disorders regarding pregnancy.
Common OB queries:
Questions like why pregnant women feel tired or what the first symptoms of pregnancy are, or which the most accurate test to determine pregnancy , or is cramping normal during pregnancy etc. can trouble any expecting mother’s mind. But, like the body undergoes changes in the following trimesters, similarly the questions and complaints are also bound to change. Determining the correct fatal weight is an important part of obstetrics. Newborn babies can either suffer from low birth weight or excessive weight at birth. OBs also have to deal with something known as Postterm Pregnancy. In this kind of pregnancy, the gestation period extends beyond 42 weeks. In Postterm Pregnancy, OBs generally resort to induction of labour, expectant management of the pregnancy and antenatal testing.
Pregnancy nutrition and diagnosis:
Other than these, topics like pre-natal nutrition and pregnancy diagnosis also call for our attention. Nutrition in pregnancy and its importance cannot be underestimated. Nutrition is important for the health of the mother and the child too. When talking about pre-natal nutrition, we need to put our focus on the two important aspects of dietary intake and weight gain in pregnancy. When it comes to pregnancy diagnosis, the most dependable forms remain physical examination, laboratory tests and an ultrasonography. These methods help the OBs to determine pregnancy at the right time and also calculate the term of the pregnancy and gestation period.
Gynaecology- the what’s and the How’s General gynaecology deals with contraception, early pregnancy loss, ectopic pregnancy, elective abortion and menopause etc. contraception and elective abortion go hand in hand. Most women claim to take contraception but the resulting pregnancy in these cases often end up as elective abortion. The kind of contraceptive a woman chooses to use depends on factors like safety, effectiveness, other benefits, cost and personal choice. The safer and newer methods of contraception have not been able to stall unwanted pregnancies completely. In the U.S. it is the most common medical procedure and is legalized.
Miscarriage and Ectopic pregnancy:
Early pregnancy loss can either be an abortion or a miscarriage. While an abortion is medically induced, a miscarriage, in the early period of the pregnancy, signifies a loss of pregnancy at 20 weeks or when the fetus is merely 500 grams in weight. When a fetus is conceived and starts growing outside the endometrial cavity, it can lead to a life threatening situation. This kind of a pregnancy results in the death of the fetus. And if it is not diagnosed in time, the mother’s life also faces severe threats.
Menopause and signs:
Generally menopause is diagnosed almost a year after a menorrhea. The period before menopause that consists of hormonal changes and symptoms is also known as perimenopause or menopausal transition. Some women complain of symptoms such as insomnia, weight gain, depression, headache and etc. during the menopausal transition. Though the list is almost endless when it comes to the obstetrics and gynaecology disorders, these common ones can be easily diagnosed and treated by an efficient OB/GYN. The saying ‘health is wealth’ never seemed truer.