Introduction to Bariatric Surgery:
A rapid weight loss is possible with the help of this surgery as it reduces the abdomen size. One of the procedures used in this surgery is gastric banding in which an inflated silicone device is implanted on the upper layer of the stomach with the help of laparoscopy or sleeve gastrectomy. Sleeve gastrectomy is a procedure in which a part of the stomach is removed
Procedure of Bariatric Surgery:
In this surgery, the measurement of the abdomen is reduced by implanting medical equipment or by eliminating a part of the abdomen. Another way is to resect and re-route the small intestine to a pouch in the stomach. So we can say that it is a proper invasive procedure, so it is better to aware oneself of the complication that may arise in this surgery. Bariatic surgery is categorized into three types of surgery- Predominantly malabsorptive procedures, predominantly restrictive procedures and mixed procedures.
Complications of Bariatric surgery
An apparent complication is the progression of an ulcer; small intestine is linked with the outer layer of the abdomen. The problem is common in those who take non-steroidical pain killers and anti-inflammatory drugs. In some cases, problem of hernia or a marked weakness can be seen. In rare cases, chances of narrowing or stricture of the edges between the abdomen and intestine remains. This type of problem necessities another type of surgery to rectify the problem. Another possible complication can be NIPHS (non-insulinoma pancreatogenous hypoglycemia syndrome) or post-Bariatric surgery, hypoglycemia .Moreover, after undergoing this surgery, the human body loses the ability to absorb essential minerals and vitamins. This may increase the problem of anemia owing to lack of iron and vitamin B 12.
In some cases, problem of dehydration also exists.
Some of the complication arises at the time of the surgery. Some of the main reactions can be anesthesia, problems in breathing, clotting of blood, loss of blood and harm to other nearby body parts that are close to the area where surgery is taking place.
Along with physical disorders, this type of surgery affects the emotional state of a person. This is because of the fact that one cannot eat to full capacity as you like to have. Also, some people give weird expressions when one avoids eating with full plates and look it as a way to lose weight. So this surgery may give a positive or negative impression on the people around you.
Apart from these complications, the patient who undergoes from bariatic surgery experience pain in the body, tiredness, weakness, dry skin, loss and thinning of hair, mood swings and relationship problems.
So, to deal with these complications, one must prepare the body for the physical and emotional consequences and can take help from different types of support groups to deal with such consequences.