Nail fungus or onychomycosis is a common type of nail disease from which many people suffers.Nail fungus is more common in toe nails than fingernails.It is caused due to the presence of a group of fungi known as dermophytes that takes feed on keratin which is the surface of the nails.Nail fungus occurs more on the toe finger and the big ties finger.some of the common signs of nail fungus are that nails become brittle,change in color of nails,soreness and pain in toes and a foul-smelling debris accumulates in toes.This problem can be cured easily if treatment is started timely.
Some of the best ways to treat nail fungus are discussed here:
Oral medications are recommended by doctors for the treatment of nail fungus. The two most effective treatment for this problem are medicines that contain terbinafine (Lamisil) and itraconazole (Sporanox).
These medicines help in the growth of new nails that are free from any infection and replaced the infected part of your nail. These medicines have to be taken for a period of six to 12 weeks. The final result of the treatment comes only when a new nail comes up at the place of the infected nail. The chances of recurrent infection also persist if the nails are exposed to warm and moist conditions.
Antifungal Lacquer :
An antifungal nail polish known as ciclopirox (Penlac) is recommended for mild to moderate skin infection in the nails. The infected area of the nails has to be painted by this paint once in a day. Wipe the piled up layers after seven days with spirit and apply a fresh coat. The regular use of Penlac helps to clear up all sorts of nail infection..
Some doctors recommend other topical creams and powder for nail fungus treatment. These topical creams have to be used with a lotion that contains urea so that the healing process speeds up. It is good to get the surface of your nail cleaned and filed up by the doctor to decrease the amount of infection and make the topical cream more effective.
In case the nail infection is very severe and painful then it is better to get the nail removed by the doctor. A fresh nail will come up in its place, although it will come up slowly and may take a year to give a complete growth.Ciclopirox when used along with surgery helps to heal the nail bed.
In surgery, the nail fungus is cured with the help of a laser or Photodynamic therapy. In this, an intense light irradiates the nail after it’s been treated with an acid. But check with your doctor as this type of treatment is not available at all places.
Home remedies for nail fungus
Research indicates the soaking affected nails in vinegar inhibit the growth of certain bacteria. Soaking your feet in warm water that contains one to two teaspoons of vinegar for 15 to 20 minutes helps to cure the nail fungus.However, this can be done regularly but in case irritation occurs then do it on alternate days.