Dehydration occurs when our body loses more fluid than we drink. As a result, the body doesn’t have enough of water and other fluids that help to carry out the normal functions of the body. You may feel dehydrated when you are not able to replace the lost fluids of the body. Any person may feel hydrated but chances of dehydration are more with young children, older adults and people with chronic illnesses.
Drinking more and more water and other fluids drinks usually reverses mild to moderate dehydration but severe dehydration needs medical treatment. So it is best to prevent the problem of dehydration by drinking more and more fluids. Always observe the intake of water especially in hot weather conditions, any type of sickness or after exercise.
Causes of dehydration
The main cause of dehydration is that the internal system of the body dries out due to lack of water in the body. Some other reasons for inadequate water are you’re busy or ill and there were no or lack of access to safe drinking water while you’re out.
Other possible causes of dehydration include:
Diarrhea and vomiting:
Diarrhea whether it is acute or severe leads to tremendous water and electrolyte loss in a very short period. Vomiting accompanied by diarrhea is even a worse ad it leads to loss of essential minerals and fluids out from the body. This problem should be treated immediately in case of infant, children and older people.
When the body temperatures rise, then the chances of dehydration are more. So it is recommended that intake of water and other fluids should be increased when a person is having high fever. When the body temperature is above the normal level and vomiting and diarrhea are also present then the body suffers from more fluidic loss.
Excessive sweating is also one of the reasons of dehydration. After vigorous exercise and in humid weather conditions, the amount of sweat increases and the bodily fluid tends to diminish. But it doesn’t mean that a person can’t become dehydrated in winters. The replacement of lost fluids arises in all types of weather. The teenagers are at high risk of dehydration as they are the one who participate in sports activities and due to less body weight than adults, the loss of fluid always occur. Also they are not aware of the experience on to observe the warning signs of dehydration.
Increase in frequency of urination:
The frequency of urination increases when a person suffers from undiagnosed or uncontrollable diabetes mellitus which is a disease in which the body system to use sugar is affected. This problem leads to increased thirst and frequent urination. This problem also arises in another type of diabetes, diabetes insipid us in which the hormones present in the body make the kidneys unable to conserve water. This situation leads to dehydration where inspite of having fluids the body gets dehydrated.
Use of Certain medications:
Some of the medications like diuretics, antihistamines, medications for hypertension and some psychiatric drugs, the use of alcohol lead to dehydration, generally because they cause you to urinate or perspire more than normal.
The skin acts like a protective layer for the whole body and regulates the body fluids. But when the skin got damaged then it cannot prevent fluid from coming out of the body through seeping. This leads to dehydration. Some of the other inflammatory diseases that are also responsible for dehydration are toxic epidermal necrolysis and inflammation of joints.