Birth control is one of the essential rights which are being practiced by every woman all over the world. There are different types of birth control methods available and one should a single method as contraception depending upon the circumstances and health conditions. Birth control is not a modern practice as it was used in ancient times also. The only difference between the ancient methods is that the old methods are focused more on male participation and had more failures than the modern methods. The advancement in medical science had developed modern methods by which women can also prevent pregnancy and the results are safe. Read on to get an insight into different types of birth control methods:
Natural Family Planning and abstinence:
Abstinence is a 100% effective birth control method for both male and female. It means giving up any sexual activity to avoid pregnancy and any sexually transmitted disease. Although this method is least practiced by people at younger ages. Whereas in Natural family planning method, abstinence is followed during the ovulation period.When you are following this method as contraceptive then make sure that you know the exact days of your menstrual cycle. The body’ temperature and changes in the cervical mucous day help to assess the menstrual cycle. However, this method should not be used by females who have irregular periods as the ovulation days are not certain.
Sterilization and Withdrawal method:
Sterilization means vasectomy in which the tubes that carries sperms are closed. Sterilization is possible in female also. Tubectomy and hysterectomy are two types of female sterilization. In tubectomy, the fallopian tube that carries the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus is closed and in hysterectomy, the uterus is removed surgically. The technique of sterilization is irreversible so it should be done only after proper thought and on medical advice. Withdrawal means withdrawal of the penis from the vagina before ejaculation occurs. This is safer option but in these men has to be alert to avoid ejaculation inside vagina.
Birth Control with hormones:
Hormonal medications are processed forms of estrogen and progesterone hormones. These hormones help to prevent the ovaries to release eggs every month, thin the uterus lining and minimize the chances of egg implantation on the walls of the uterus or thickens the cervical mucus and prevent the sperm to reach there and fertilize the egg. Check out some of the hormonal types of birth control methods:
- Birth Control Pills: c are different forms of estrogen and progesterone hormones which have to be taken daily as oral contraceptive at the same time preferably. These pills are available under various brands in a pack of 28 pills.
- Vaginal Ring: It is a soft and flexible ring made up of plastic .It contains synthetic hormones which are inserted into the vagina for duration of 3 weeks and removed for last one week. Then again, it has to be replaced with a new vaginal ring. This ring prevents pregnancy by releasing estrogen and progesterone in the body by absorbing the hormones from the ring to the reproductive system.
- Intrauterine Device :A “T” shaped plastic which is called as copper T or intrauterine device is placed inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. The hormones in this device release the synthetic hormone which thickens the cervical mucus and the uterus lining to prevent fertilization to take place.
Restrictive methods are physical or chemical restrictive methods that prevent the sperm to enter into the uterus and fertilize the egg. These methods are very good methods for birth control and to prevent sexually transmitted diseases. Check out some of the restrictive types of birth control methods:
- Spermicides: Spermicides are chemicals that are available in the form of a cream, tablets, jellies and vaginal suppositories. This chemical when comes in contact with sperms kills them
- Male Condom: One of the commonly used barriers is the male condom. It is a thin, latex rubber which takes the shape of a tube and gets rolled up to the erect penis before ejaculation.
- Female Condom: Female condom is rarely used. It is a seven inch pouch which is made up of the of polyurethane with two flexible rings. It has to be pushed into the vagina. It is a type of birth control method as it gives cover for the areas close to the vagina, the cervix, and the vaginal canal and prevents pregnancy.
- Diaphragm: It is a soft, rubber dome-shaped restrictive method that contains spermicidal cream. It has to be inserted into the vagina and placed over the cervix at least three hours prior to the sexual act. This barrier blocks the sperm to enter into the uterus.
The advancement of medical science has also given use a birth control pill even after having unprotected sex which is used as a preventive measure and not as a contraception. It is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor or gynecologist before self medication or using any restrictive method. Also please note that some of the birth control methods have a failure rate and are not helpful to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.